History of The Church of Christ
「Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son and of the Holy Spirit; teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.」 Matthew 28：19-20
Thomas Campbell Alexander Campbell Barton W. Stone
(1763-1854) (1788-1866) (1772-1844)
The "Church of Christ" was born in America towards the end of the 18th Century from the "Stone-Campbell Movement". At a time when the Church was controlled by a select group of religious leaders, and divided by diversified scriptural interpretations, the movement was intended to restore the Church, where all members are equal, to be united under Christ, on the basis of New Testament practices.
The movement which began under leaders like Barton Stone, Thomas Campbell and his son, Alexander, underwent changes after the civil war, and evolved into two main streams, namely, the relatively liberal "Disciples of Christ" and the conservative "Churches of Christ" in the early 20th Century. From the "Disciples of Christ", the "Christian Church" emerged in the 1920s.
In Japan, the Campbell-Stone Movement was propagated through the effort of American missionaries such as Charles E. Garst, J.M. McCaleb, O.D. Bixler, and has continued to grow from there.